HALO (High Altitude-Low Opening) & HAHO (High Altitude-High Opening)
are also known as Military Free Falls (MFF).
The dagger, a Fairbairn-Sykes knife used by the rangers and Office of Strategic Services in
WWII, symbolizes infiltration techniques used by special operations forces; the arched tab
symbolizes the tabs worn by special operations units; the wing suggests flight and airborne
capabilities; the parachute is a depiction of an MT1-X, the first square parachute to be
adopted by all military services as the standard military free fall canopy.
Two degrees of the military free fall badge are authorized for award:
Basic and Jumpmaster (basic badge design with the addition of a star and wreath)
The first design for a proposed military free fall (MFF) badge came in March 1983 from Sergeant
First Class Gregory A. Dailey, then of Company B, 2nd Battalion, 5th Special Forces Group. The
final MFF parachutist and jumpmaster badges were developed by General Wayne A. Downing
with historical assistance from Mr. James Phillips of the Special Forces Association.
The commander in chief, US Special Operations Command is the approval authority for award of
these badges. To be eligible for the basic badge, an individual must have satisfactorily completed a
prescribed program of instruction in military free fall approved by the U.S. Army John F. Kennedy
Special Warfare Center and School or have executed a military free fall combat jump. To be eligible
for the jumpmaster badge, an individual must have satisfactorily completed a prescribed military free
fall jumpmaster program of instruction approved by the U.S. Army John F. Kennedy Special Warfare
Center and School.
The badge was originally approved for wear only while assigned to US Army Special Operations
Command or subordinate commands on 1 October 1994 by the US Special Operations Command.
It was approved for unrestricted wear by the Chief of Staff of the Army on 7 July 1997.
[ Close This Window ]